PROPERTIES OF ESSENTIAL OILS

(This list is not exhaustive, but gives an idea of the properties of the most popular essential oils used)

PROPERTY MEANING ESSENTIAL OILS
Anaesthetic Loss of sensation – pain relieving Cinnamon, Clove, Peppermint
Analgesic Pain relieving Basil, Bay, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Clove, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Ginger, Lavender, Marjoram,, Origanum, Rosemary
Antiallergenic Reduces symptoms of allergy Chamomile, Melissa
Antibiotic Combats infection within the body Cajeput, Garlic, Manuka, Niaouli, Ravensara
Anticoagulant Prevents blood from clotting Sweet Birch, Wintergreen, Origanum, Tarragon
Anticonvulsive Helps control convulsions Chamomile, Clary Sage, Lavender
Anti-inflammatory Reduces inflammation Bergamot, Chamomile, Lavender, Myrrh
Antidepressant Uplifting, easing depression Basil, Bergamot, Clary Sage, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemongrass, Neroli, Orange, Petitgrain, Rose, Rosemary, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang
Antiviral Inhibits the growth of viruses Elemi, Eucalyptus, Helichrysum, Lavender, Lime, Palmarosa, Tea Tree
Antiemetic Reduces vomiting Aniseed, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clove, Fennel, Ginger, Nutmeg
Antigalactagogue Impedes flow of breastmilk Peppermint, Sage
Antiseptic Helps control bacterial infection Basil, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Eucalyptus, Clove, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Lime, Myrrh, Origanum, Palmarosa, Peppermint, Rosemary, Tea Tree
Antispasmodic Relieves spasm / cramp Basil, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Cardamom, Clove, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Ginger, Lavender, Marjoram, Orange, Origanum, Peppermint, Rosemary,
Astringent Tightens the tissues, reduces fluid loss Benzoin, Cedarwood, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Helichrysum, Juniper, Lemon, Lime, Myrrh, Patchouli, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood
Bactericide Combats bacteria Basil, Eucalyptus, Helichrysum, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Myrrh, Niaouli, Palmarosa, Tea Tree
Bechic Eases coughs Ginger, Lavender, Origanum, Sandalwood, Thyme
Cephalic Stimulates mental activity Basil, Grapefruit, Peppermint, Rosemary, Thyme
Carminative Expels gas from the intestines Aniseed, Basil, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Celery, Chamomile, Coriander, Fennel, Galbanum, Ginger, Marjoram, Orange. Origanum, Peppermint, Rosemary
Cholagogue Stimulates bile production Bay, Chamomile, Helichrysum, Lavender, Peppermint, Rosemary
Cicatrisant Helps formation of scar tissue Bergamot, Chamomile, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Patchouli, Rosemary, Tea Tree
Cytophylactic Encourages growth of skin cells Carrot Seed, Frankincense, Geranium, Helichrysum, Lavender, Mandarin, Palmarosa, Neroli, Rose, Tangerine, Tea Tree
Decongestant Eases nasal congestion Cajeput, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Niaouli, Peppermint, Pine, Thyme
Digestive Aids digestion Aniseed, Basil, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Cumin, Mandarin, Marjoram, Orange, Parsley, Rosemary
Disinfectant Destroys germs Clove, Juniper, Lime, Myrrh, Pine
Diuretic Increases urine production Bay, Black Pepper, Carrot Seed, Cedarwood, Celery, Chamomile, Cypress, Fennel, Galbanum, Geranium, Juniper, Lemon, Lemongrass, Parsley, Pine, Rosemary
Emmenagogue Promotes menstrual flow Basil, Bay, Carrot Seed, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Fennel, Galbanum, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Marjoram, Myrrh, Origanum, Parsley, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme
Emolient Soothes and softens skin Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Lavender, Mandarin, Rose, Sandalwood,Tangerine
Expectorant Helps expel phlegm Benzoin, Bergamot, Cajeput, Elemi, Eucalyptus, Marjoram, Myrrh, Myrtle, Origanum, Pine, Thyme
Febrifuge Reduces fever Bergamot, Chamomile, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Lemon, Melissa, Orange, Palmarosa, Peppermint
Fungicide Helps destroy fungal infection Cedarwood, Elemi, Helichrysum, Lavender, Lemongrass, Myrrh, Patchouli, Tea Tree
Galactagogue Increases secretion of breastmilk Aniseed, Basil, Fennel, Jasmine, Lemongrass
Haemostatic Arrests bleeding Cinnamon, Cypress, Geranium, Lemon, Lime, Rose
Hepatic Strengthens the liver Chamomile, Cypress, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Lemon, Origanum, Peppermint, Sage, Rosemary
Hypertensive Increases blood pressure Clary Sage, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme
Hypotensive Lowers blood pressure Clary Sage, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Melissa, Ylang Ylang
Immuno-stimulant Strengthens body’s defence reaction to infection Lavender, Manuka, Ravensara, Rosewood, Tea Tree
Nervine Strengthens nervous system Basil, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Hyssop, Juniper, Lavender, Marjoram, Melissa, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetivert
Restorative Helps restore and revive health Basil, Cypress, Lavender, Lime, Mandarin, Marjoram, Palmarosa, Pine
Rubifacient Warming by increasing blood flow to local area Black Pepper, Clove, Eucalyptus, Ginger, Juniper, Marjoram, Origanum, Pimento, Rosemary
Sedative Calming Benzoin, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Jasmine, Lavender, Mandarin, Marjoram, Melissa, Neroli, Rose, Vetivert, Ylang Ylang
Stimulant Increases activity of body in general or of a specific organ Basil, Black Pepper, Cajeput, Cardamom, Cinnamon, Clove, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Fennel, Ginger, Lemongrass, Origanum, Peppermint, Pine, Rosemary, Thyme
Stomachic Eases digestive disorders Aniseed, Basil, Bay, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Chamomile, Coriander, Dill, Fennel, Ginger, Melissa, Myrrh, Orange, Origanum, Peppermint, Tangerine
Sudorific Promotes sweating Basil, Cajeput, Chamomile,Fennel, Ginger, Melissa, Juniper, Manuka, Peppermint, Pine, Rosemary, Tea Tree
Tonic Strengthens the body generally Basil, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Carrot Seed, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lavender, Mandarin, Marjoram, Melissa, Myrrh, Neroli, Orange, Origanum, Patchouli, Pine, Rose, Rosemary, Rosewood, Sage, Sandalwood, Tangerine, Thyme, Vetivert
Uterine Tonic on the uterus Clary Sage, Clove, Frankincense, Jasmine, Melissa, Myrrh, Rose
Vasoconstrictor Causes small blood vessels to contract Chamomile, Cypress, Rose, Geranium
Vasodilator Causes small blood vessels to dilate Marjoram
Vulnerary Prevents tissue degeneration and helps wounds to heal Benzoin, Bergamot, Chamomile, Elemi, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary, Tea Tree